Rose AngelName: Rosa Angela Cindy Chrisantya
Cardinal Jorge Arturo Medina Estevez of Chile made the announcement
to a cheering crowd in St. Peter's Square.
Ratzinger, who took the name Benedict XVI, appeared on the balcony of
the Vatican Basilica to greet the people and deliver his first papal
"Dear brothers and sisters, the great pope, John Paul II, the cardinals
have elected me to work in the vineyard of the Lord," according to a
translation of remarks he made in Italian. "I am consoled by the fact
that I entrust myself to your prayers."
Once the archbishop of Munich, Germany, and for many years prefect of
the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, Ratzinger, 78, was
one of the most powerful men in the Vatican and is widely acknowledged
as a leading theologian.
Ratzinger served for 20 years as John Paul II's chief theological
As a young priest he was on the progressive side of theological debates
but shifted to the right after the student revolutions of 1968.
In the Vatican, he has been the driving force behind crackdowns on
liberation theology, religious pluralism, challenges to traditional
moral teachings on issues such as homosexuality, and dissent on such
issues as women's ordination.
The dean of the College of Cardinals since November 2002, he was
elevated to cardinal by Pope Paul VI in June 1977.
Earlier, white smoke rose from a Sistine Chapel chimney and bells
rang Tuesday, signaling the selection of a new pope. The crowd clapped
and waved flags as the smoke began to billow over Vatican City about 5:
50 p.m. (11:50 a.m. ET). Suspense built as the throng waited for the
symbolic ringing of bells, at which point the crowd broke into a roar of
jubilation. The conclave of 115 cardinals had voted three times
previously -- once Monday night and twice Tuesday morning -- before
selecting the new pope. The cardinals' morning ballots were burned at
about 11:50 a.m. (5:50 a.m. EDT). Chemicals are added to the ballots to
turn the smoke white or black. Pope John Paul II, who died April 2 at
age 84, had decreed that white smoke be accompanied by the ringing of
bells, to avoid a repeat of the confusion after his election in 1978.
Ratzinger needed two-thirds of the votes to be selected.
There has been a great deal of speculation about who may be chosen to
succeed John Paul II, who died April 2 at the age of 84, but cardinals
have been mum. Some taking part in the conclave said they are looking
for a leader who presents a hopeful vision, who can "generate some
dynamism and some optimism within Catholicism," CNN Vatican analyst John
Allen said. The first clues to the process of finding a successor were
sought during the homily or sermon delivered by Ratzinger at Monday's
public Mass. "Having a clear faith, based on the creed of the church, is
often labeled today as a fundamentalism," Ratzinger said. Allen said
Ratzinger delivered a "very blunt" message for the church to "stay true
to itself." John Paul was widely credited with extending the reach of
the papacy. He spoke more than a dozen languages and set an
unprecedented pattern of pastoral travel, drawing huge crowds all over
the world. He was also strictly traditional on issues of sexuality and
the role of women in the church, which won him support among some
Catholics but alienated others. Similar disagreement exists over the
next pontiff's stances on issues such as birth control, stem cell
research and the ordination of female priests.
Vox De Angeli (Voice of Angels)
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